A dental restoration is also called a filling. It is the repair of a damaged or decayed tooth that restores it to its normal shape, function and appearance. There are different types of materials used to repair teeth for particular situations.
Why should a damaged tooth be repaired? A tooth should be repaired to prevent further decay or injury to the tooth, to prevent loss of the tooth, to prevent decay from spreading to other teeth, to permit normal eating and chewing, and to improve upon the appearance of your smile.
What are the available dental restorations?
Amalgam fillings are made of two or more metals that are held in place by the shape of the prepared cavity. Although there is ongoing debate about mercury toxicity, scientific evidence supports the safety and efficacy of dental amalgam, and it remains a viable treatment option.
Bonding or composite restorations are made of a tooth coloured resin material. The filling material is fused to the tooth in layers and hardened using a curing light.
Inlay restorations are lab fabricated fillings that are cemented into teeth that have been specially prepared. An initial impression is taken of the prepared cavity and sent to the dental technician who will make the inlay out of tooth coloured porcelain or gold. An onlay restoration is similar to an inlay restoration only it covers and protects the chewing surface of the tooth.